Cairn Spirulina Breath Test for Gastroparesis


PDFs for physicians and patients

How to administer the Cairn GEBT (PDF)

Step-by-step instructions for administering the test

Cairn GEBT patient guide (PDF)

What you can expect when taking the test

Gastroparesis: Clinical evaluation of drugs for treatment (PDF)

Guidance for industry on using the Cairn GEBT

Peer-reviewed literature on the 13C-Spirulina Gastric Emptying Breath Test

Bharucha A, et al. for the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial – Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications Research Group. Delayed Gastric Emptying Is Associated With Early and Long-term Hyperglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Gastroenterology. August 2015; 149(2):330-339. Available at

Bharucha AE, Camilleri M, Veil E, Burton D, Zinsmeister AR. Comprehensive assessment of gastric emptying with a stable isotope breath test. Neurogastroenterology and Motility. Jan 2013; 25(1):e60–e69. Available at

Odunsi S, Camilleri M, Szarka L, Zinsmeister A. Optimizing Analysis of Stable Isotope Breath Tests to Estimate Gastric Emptying of Solids. Neurogastroenterology and Motility. July 2009; 21(7):706-711. Available at

Szarka L, et al. A stable isotope breath test with a standard meal for abnormal gastric emptying of solids in the clinic and in research. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. June 2008; 6(6):635-643. Available at

Viramontes BE, et al. Validation of a stable isotope gastric emptying test for normal, accelerated or delayed gastric emptying. Neurogastroenterology and Motility. December 2001; 13(6):567-574. Available at

Lee J, Camilleri M, Zinsmeister A, Burton D, Kost L, Klein P. A valid, accurate, office based non-radioactive test for gastric emptying of solids. Gut. June 2000; 46(6):768-773. Available at

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